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Title: A Terrestrial Microbial Fuel Cell for Powering a Single-HopWireless Sensor Network
Author: Zhang, Daxing1; Zhu, Yingmin1; Pedrycz, Witold1, 2, 3; Guo, Yongxian4
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Issued Date: 2016-05-01
Volume: 17, Issue:5
Keyword: terrestrial microbial fuel cell ; wireless sensor network ; energy harvesting ; power management
DOI: 10.3390/ijms17050762
DOC Type: Article
English Abstract: Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are envisioned as one of the most promising alternative renewable energy sources because they can generate electric current continuously while treating waste. Terrestrial Microbial Fuel Cells (TMFCs) can be inoculated and work on the use of soil, which further extends the application areas of MFCs. Energy supply, as a primary influential factor determining the lifetime of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) nodes, remains an open challenge in sensor networks. In theory, sensor nodes powered by MFCs have an eternal life. However, low power density and high internal resistance of MFCs are two pronounced problems in their operation. A single-hop WSN powered by a TMFC experimental setup was designed and experimented with. Power generation performance of the proposed TMFC, the relationships between the performance of the power generation and the environment temperature, the water content of the soil by weight were measured by experiments. Results show that the TMFC can achieve good power generation performance under special environmental conditions. Furthermore, the experiments with sensor data acquisition and wireless transmission of the TMFC powering WSN were carried out. We demonstrate that the obtained experimental results validate the feasibility of TMFCs powering WSNs.
WOS Headings: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Physical Sciences
WOS Subject: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
WOS Subject Extended: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Chemistry
WOS Keyword Plus: ENERGY HARVESTING APPLICATIONS ; WASTE-WATER TREATMENT ; MANAGEMENT-SYSTEM ; ELECTRICITY-GENERATION ; TEMPERATURE SENSOR ; PERFORMANCE ; DEVICES
Indexed Type: SCI
Funder: National Natural Science Foundation of China(61201021 ; Province Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi(2015JM6335) ; 51306134)
Language: 英语
WOS ID: WOS:000378791400151
Citation statistics:
Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.etp.ac.cn/handle/311046/112456
Appears in Collections:中国科学院工程热物理所(论文库)_期刊论文(SCI)

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description.institution: 1.Xidian Univ, Sch Mechanoelect Engn, Xian 710071, Peoples R China
2.Univ Alberta, Dept Elect & Comp Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
3.King Abdulaziz Univ, Dept Elect & Comp Engn, Fac Engn, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Engn Thermophys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
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